07 Mar 2017
Taxis, assistance dogs and the law
Assistance dogs support people with a variety of disabilities wherever they go, such as in banks, offices, restaurants, and libraries, but how many have you seen riding with their owner in a taxi or minicab?
Unfortunately it is not unusual for taxi drivers to refuse access to assistance dogs leaving the owner on the pavement feeling angry, humiliated and stranded. However, to do so they are breaking the law, the Equalities Act 2010 to be more precise, or in Northern Ireland, the Disabilities Discrimination Act 1995.
Despite protests from the owners that the driver is obliged to take them both as a legitimate fare, drivers will often cite various reasons why they won’t take the assistance dog: health reasons, not wanting dog hair in their car, they don’t carry dogs, the animals will make their car dirty, phobias as well as on religious grounds.
44% of guide dog owners who had experienced at least one access refusal within the last year found that taxi refusals were the most frequent.
“My biggest problem with refusals comes from taxi drivers. I used to have a very tough two hour commute to work. The taxi part of the journey was the shortest bit travel wise, but it always ended up being the bit that held me up the most because I was having to spend time facing drivers who wouldn’t take me with my dog. It made an already stressful situation really stressful and upsetting...it’s good that my contract was flexi hours otherwise I’m sure I would have been sacked for being late all the time - it happened so often.”
Guide dog owner, Daventry
None of these are valid reasons and suggests a lack of understanding of the law and of the training and role of assistance dogs. Drivers may only refuse to carry a dog if they are allergic to them and they are obliged to display a medical exemption certificate from their GP to prove this.
Yet to refuse could land the driver in court with a fine up to £1000 and worse still, have their licence revoked by their licensing authority.Ignorance of the law is no excuse either. It could mean the difference between having a business and having to change business because you don’t have permission to have one any more.
Just to put this into perspective, a survey conducted between January and March 2015 revealed that 44 per cent of people who responded, said they had experienced an access denial and had also been refused access by a taxi or a minicab. In 2016 the situation was not much better with access refusals to other public areas:
- Charity Guide Dogs UK reported that three in four guide dog owners have been refused access to taxis, hotels and even GP practices in the past twelve months
- A survey of restaurant owners revealed that 27 per cent said dogs were unwelcome in their premises because food was being served
- While 25 per cent said they did not want them in their restaurants because either they or their customers did not like dogs.
So what does the law actually say?
According to GuideDogs, The Equality Act 2010, and the DDA 1995 in Northern Ireland, place a duty on taxi and minicab (private hire) drivers to carry guide and other assistance dogs at no extra cost.Drivers that cannot carry assistance dogs will carry a certificate of exemption confirming they have permission to refuse on medical grounds. Sections 168 to 171 of the Equality Act 2010 deal with the carriage of guide dogs and other assistance dogs and England and Wales. (In N Ireland the provisions are in Section 37 of the DDA 1995. The requirements are effectively the same.)
Assistance dogs play a crucial role in the life of a person with disabilities, enabling them to work, socialize and enjoy a higher level of independence than without one.
These highly trained companions provide their owners with a gateway into ordinary life and to be part of mainstream society. When that is denied, the person is left feeling vulnerable, frustrated and often isolated. Their disability is then felt even more keenly and for some this has compromised their self confidence and led to feelings of despair and depression.
“Access refusals make me feel awful. Very much like a second class citizen who is not wanted by society no matter who or what the business is. It’s as if we should be stuck away and never seen again. I absolutely abhor the feeling of being useless and made to feel inadequate.”Guide Dog owner, Hove.
Taxi firms and minicab companies, along with other business owners need to understand that these assistance dogs are highly trained working dogs and not pets. They are trained to guide someone who is blind, deaf, epileptic or suffers a condition which affects their mobility.
They are not ‘therapy dogs’ either. Those fulfill a different function altogether.
All professionally trained assistance dogs are part of Assistance Dogs UK, an umbrella organisation representing seven different canine assistance charities. These dogs are identifiable by the coloured jacket they wear, indicating the support they give which can vary according to their training.
Whilst awareness of the role of assistance dogs is growing there still needs to be greater education for business owners and the public at large. Judging by the problems many people still experience on a daily basis, we still have a way to go before these special canine partners become an accepted part of mainstream life.
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